Diazepam, Valium Drug Facts, Side Effects and Dosing - MedicineNet



9/25/2014
06:53 | Author: Taylor Sanders

Diazepam
Diazepam, Valium Drug Facts, Side Effects and Dosing - MedicineNet

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

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GENERIC NAME: diazepam BRAND NAME: Valium, Diastat DRUG CLASS: Diazepam is an oral medication that is used to treat anxiety. It belongs to the benzodiazepine family of drugs, the same family that includes alprazolam (Xanax), clonazepam (Klonopin), lorazepam (Ativan), flurazepam (Dalmane), and others. Diazepam and other benzodiazepines act by enhancing the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain. GABA is a neurotransmitter (a chemical that nerve cells use to communicate with each other) that inhibits activity in the brain. It is believed that excessive activity in the brain may lead to anxiety or other psychiatric disorders. The FDA approved diazepam in November 1963. PRESCRIPTION: Yes GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes.

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PREPARATIONS: Tablets: 2, 5 and 10 mg. Oral Solution: 1 mg/ml, 5 mg/ml. Injection Solution: 5 mg/ml. Intramuscular Device: 10 mg/2 ml. Rectal Gel: 2.5, 10 and 20 mg.

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PRESCRIBED FOR: Diazepam is used for the treatment of disorders with anxiety. Diazepam also is used for the treatment of agitation, tremors, delirium, seizures, and hallucinations resulting from alcohol withdrawal. It is used for the treatment of seizures, relief of muscle spasms in some neurological diseases, and for sedation during surgery.

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Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

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STORAGE: Diazepam should be stored at room temperature, 15 C to 30 C (59 F to 86 F).

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Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.


Diazepam