Diazepam Drug Uses, Dosage Side Effects



11/27/2014
10:29 | Author: Rachel Bennett

Diazepam
Diazepam Drug Uses, Dosage Side Effects

See also: Pregnancy and breastfeeding warnings (in more detail).

After you have stopped using this medicine, flush any unused pills down the toilet. Disposal of medicines by flushing is recommended to reduce the danger of accidental overdose causing death. This advice applies to a very small number of medicines only. The FDA, working with the manufacturer, has determined this method to be the most appropriate route of disposal and presents the least risk to human safety.

This list is not complete. Other drugs may interact with diazepam, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

blurred vision, double vision;

l your doctor about all medicines you use, and those you start or stop using during your treatment with diazepam, especially: cimetidine; omeprazole; phenytoin;

provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

unusual risk-taking behavior, decreased inhibitions, no fear of danger;

You should not use this medication if you are allergic to diazepam or similar drugs (Ativan, Klonopin, Restoril, Xanax, and others), or if you have:

a severe breathing problem; or.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Tetanus:

hyperactivity, agitation, aggression, hostility;

Less than 1 month: 0.83 to 1.67 mg/kg/hour by continuous IV infusion, or 1.67 to 3.33 mg/kg IV, slowly, every 2 hours (20 to 40 mg/kg/day). Diazepam injection is not recommended as the drug of choice for neonates due to its benzyl alcohol and propylene glycol content. 1 month to 5 years: 1 to 2 mg IM or IV, slowly, repeated every 3 to 4 hours as necessary, or 15 mg/kg/day in divided doses every 2 hours. Greater than 5 years: 5 to 10 mg IM or IV, slowly, repeated every 3 to 4 hours as necessary.

Alcohol Withdrawal atenolol, Valium, Librium, Tenormin, chlordiazepoxide, oxazepam, More.

Some parents may make things worse for their anxious kids by falling into what researchers call the "protection trap" -- reassuring them, lavishing them with.

confusion, hallucinations, unusual thoughts or behavior;

Diazepam is used to treat anxiety disorders, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, or muscle spasms. Diazepam is sometimes used with other medications to treat seizures.

Diazepam may be habit forming. Never share this medicine with another person, especially someone with a history of drug abuse or addiction.

Light Sedation promethazine, Valium, Phenergan, Demerol, Thorazine, Versed, More.

an antidepressant such as fluoxetine, fluoxetine, and others;

weak or shallow breathing;

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at. An overdose of diazepam can be fatal.

Before you take diazepam, l your doctor if you have glaucoma, asthma or other breathing problems, kidney or liver disease, seizures, or a history of drug or alcohol addiction, mental illness, depression, or suicidal thoughts.

kidney or liver disease;

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction to diazepam: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

The sedative effects of diazepam may last longer in older adults. Accidental falls are common in elderly patients who take benzodiazepines. Use caution to avoid falling or accidental injury while you are taking this medicine.

Overdose symptoms may include extreme drowsiness, loss of balance or coordination, limp or weak muscles, or fainting.

Usual Adult Dose of Diazepam for ICU Agitation:

Oral: 2 to 10 mg 3 to 4 times a day. IM or IV: 5 to 10 mg initially, then 5 to 10 mg in 3 to 4 hours, if necessary. For tetanus, larger doses may be required.

You should not use this medication if you are allergic to diazepam or similar medicines (Ativan, Klonopin, Restoril, Xanax, and others), or if you have myasthenia gravis, severe liver disease, narrow-angle glaucoma, a severe breathing problem, or sleep apnea.

IV or IM: 5 to 10 mg initially (IV preferred). May be repeated at 10 to 15 minute intervals up to a maximum dose of 30 mg. If necessary, may be repeated again in 2 to 4 hours.

Initial dose: 0.02 to 0.08 mg/kg IV over 2 to 5 minutes every 0.5 to 2 hours to control acute agitation. Maintenance dose: 0.4 to 0.2 mg/kg/hr by continuous IV infusion.

epilepsy or other seizure disorder;

Take diazepam exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

CSA Schedule 4 Some potential for abuse.

Diazepam may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Approval History Calendar Drug history at FDA.

asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), or other breathing problems;

Never take more of this medication than your doctor has prescribed. An overdose of diazepam can be fatal.

IV: 10 mg or less is usually adequate; however up to 20 mg may be necessary to produce the desired sedation in some patients. IM: If IV cannot be used, 5 to 10 mg 30 minutes prior to the procedure. Dosage of narcotics should be reduced by at least a third and in some cases may be omitted.

Do not give this medication to a child younger than 6 months old.

Availability Rx Prescription only.

Keep track of the amount of medicine used from each new bottle. Diazepam is a drug of abuse and you should be aware if anyone is using your medicine improperly or without a prescription.

Usual Adult Dose of Diazepam for Endoscopy or Radiology Premedication:

Grapefruit and grapefruit juice may interact with diazepam and lead to unwanted side effects. Discuss the use of grapefruit products with your doctor.

Diazepam can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while using this medicine.

Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.

1 to 12 years: Oral: 0.12 to 0.8 mg/kg/day in divided doses every 6 to 8 hours as needed. IM: 0.04 to 0.3 mg/kg every 2 to 4 hours as needed, up to a maximum of 0.6 mg/kg in 8 hours. Febrile seizure prophylaxis in children: Oral: 1 mg/kg/day orally in divided doses every 8 hours. Initiate therapy at first sign of fever and continue for 24 hours after fever resolves.

A relatively small number of medications are responsible for sending thousands of young children to the hospital for accidental ingestion, a government study.

Oral: 2 to 10 mg 2 to 4 times a day. Rectal gel: 0.2 mg/kg, rounded up to the nearest available unit dose. A supplemental dose of 2.5 mg may be added for more precise titration or if a portion of the first dose is expelled. May repeat in 4 to 12 hours. Maximum of 1 episode every 5 days, or 5 episodes per month.

While using diazepam, you may need frequent blood tests at your doctor's office.

If you take diazepam for seizures, do not start or stop taking diazepam during pregnancy without your doctor's advice. Diazepam may cause harm to an unborn baby, but having a seizure during pregnancy could harm both the mother and the baby. l your doctor right away if you become pregnant while taking diazepam for seizures.

heart or blood pressure medication such as diltiazem, nicardipine, quinidine, verapamil, and others; or.

1 to 12 years: Oral: 0.12 to 0.8 mg/kg/day in divided doses every 6 to 8 hours as needed. IM: 0.04 to 0.3 mg/kg every 2 to 4 hours as needed, up to a maximum of 0.6 mg/kg in 8 hours. Febrile seizure prophylaxis in children: Oral: 1 mg/kg/day orally in divided doses every 8 hours. Initiate therapy at first sign of fever and continue for 24 hours after fever resolves.

new or worsening seizures;

Measure liquid medicine with a special dose-measuring spoon or medicine cup. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

Muscle Spasm cyclobenzaprine, Soma, Flexeril, baclofen, Valium, tizanidine, More.

a history of drug or alcohol addiction.

To make sure diazepam is safe for you, l your doctor if you have any of these conditions: open-angle glaucoma;

drooling or dry mouth, slurred speech;

HIV/AIDS medicine--atazanavir, delavirdine, fosamprenavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, saquinavir, or ritonavir.

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Usual Adult Dose of Diazepam for Anxiety:

Do not start or stop taking diazepam during pregnancy without your doctor's advice. Diazepam may cause harm to an unborn baby, but having a seizure during pregnancy could harm both the mother and the baby. l your doctor right away if you become pregnant while taking diazepam for seizures.

FDA pregnancy category D. If you take diazepam for anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, or muscle spasms, do not use this medicine if you are pregnant. It could harm the unborn baby. Use effective birth control, and l your doctor if you become pregnant during treatment. Diazepam may cause low blood pressure, breathing problems, or addiction and withdrawal symptoms in a newborn if the mother takes the medication during pregnancy.

loss of bladder control; or.

Rectal gel: Infants less than 6 months old: Not recommended; product contains benzoic acid, benzyl alcohol, ethanol 10%, propylene glycol, and sodium benzoate. Prolonged CNS depression has been reported in neonates receiving diazepam. Infants and Children 6 months to 2 years: Dose not established 2 to 5 years: 0.5 mg/kg, rounded up to the nearest available unit dose. 6 to 11 years: 0.3 mg/kg, rounded up to the nearest available unit dose. 12 years or greater: 0.2 mg/kg, rounded up to the nearest available unit dose. A supplemental dose of 2.5 mg may be added in 10 minutes for more precise titration or if a portion of the first dose is expelled. May repeat in 4 to 12 hours. Maximum of 1 episode every 5 days, or 5 episodes per month.

Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 12.03. Revision Date:, 10:16:34 AM.

1 to 12 years: Oral: 0.12 to 0.8 mg/kg/day in divided doses every 6 to 8 hours as needed. IM: 0.04 to 0.3 mg/kg every 2 to 4 hours as needed, up to a maximum of 0.6 mg/kg in 8 hours. Febrile seizure prophylaxis in children: Oral: 1 mg/kg/day orally in divided doses every 8 hours. Initiate therapy at first sign of fever and continue for 24 hours after fever resolves.

Conscious sedation for procedures: Oral: 1 to 12 years: 0.2 to 0.3 mg/kg orally 45 to 60 minutes before procedure, up to a maximum of 10 mg 13 to 18 years: 5 mg orally 45 to 60 minutes before procedure, may repeat with 2.5 mg dose. Sedation: 1 to 12 years: Oral: 0.02 to 0.3 mg/kg every 6 to 8 hours as needed. IM: 0.04 to 0.3 mg/kg IM every 2 to 4 hours as needed, up to a maximum of 0.6 mg/kg in 8 hours. 13 to 18 years: Oral: 2 to 10 mg 2 to 4 times a day as needed. IM or IV: 2 to 10 mg 2 to 4 times a day as needed.

Data sources include Micromedex (updated Sep 26th, 2014), Cerner Multum (updated Oct 16th, 2014), Wolters Kluwer (updated Oct 9th, 2014) and others. To view content sources and attributions, refer to our editorial policy.

loss of interest in sex.

Usual Adult Dose of Diazepam for Status Epilepticus:

Usual Pediatric Dose for Seizures:

an antibiotic--clarithromycin, erythromycin, ithromycin;

little or no urinating.

See also: Side effects (in more detail).

Usual Pediatric Dose for Anxiety:

Premedication for Anesthesia: 10 mg, IM (preferred route), 1 to 2 hours before surgery.

Usual Adult Dose of Diazepam for Light Anesthesia:

feeling restless or irritable; muscle weakness; nausea, constipation;

Call your doctor at once if you have:

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Do not drink alcohol while taking diazepam. This medication can increase the effects of alcohol.

Do not use diazepam if you are pregnant. It could harm the unborn baby.

This medication may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert.

Call your doctor at once if you feel that this medicine is not working as well as usual, or if you think you need to use more than usual.

Oral: 2 to 10 mg 2 to 4 times a day. IM or IV: 2 to 5 mg (moderate anxiety) or 5 to 10 mg (severe anxiety) for one dose. May repeat in 3 to 4 hours, if necessary.

Taking diazepam with other drugs that make you sleepy or slow your breathing can cause dangerous or life-threatening side effects. Ask your doctor before taking diazepam with a sleeping pill, narcotic pain medicine, muscle relaxer, or medicine for anxiety, depression, or seizures.

Do not stop using diazepam suddenly, or you could have increased seizures or unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Ask your doctor how to safely stop using diazepam.

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a feeling like you might pass out; muscle twitching, tremor;

Usual Pediatric Dose of Diazepam for Seizure Prophylaxis:

Usual Pediatric Dose for Status Epilepticus:

Oral: 10 mg 3 to 4 times during the first 24 hours, then 5 mg 3 to 4 times a day as needed. IM or IV: 5 to 10 mg one time. May repeat in 3 to 4 hours, if necessary.

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

antifungal medicine--itraconazole, ketoconazole, voriconazole;

Anxiety Xanax, Cymbalta, Lexapro, alprazolam, lorazepam, atenolol, More.

Do not drink alcohol while taking diazepam. This medication can increase the effects of alcohol.

sleep apnea (breathing stops during sleep).

Usual Adult Dose of Diazepam for Muscle Spasm:

Usual Pediatric Dose for Muscle Spasm:

a history of mental illness, depression, or suicidal thoughts or behavior; or.

Diazepam may be habit forming. Never share diazepam with another person, especially someone with a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a place where others cannot get to it.

Diazepam is a benzodiazepine (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peens). It affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause anxiety.

A child receives the wrong medication or the wrong dosage every eight minutes in the United States, according to a recent study. Nearly 700,000 children under.

Neonates: IV: (This is not recommended as a first line agent because the injection contains benzoic acid, benzyl alcohol, and sodium benzoate): 0.1 to 0.3 mg/kg/dose given over 3 to 5 minutes, every 15 to 30 minutes to a maximum total dose of 2 mg. Infants greater than 30 days old and Children: IV: 0.1 to 0.3 mg/kg dose given over 3 to 5 minutes, every 5 to 10 minutes (maximum of 10 mg/dose). Manufacturer recommendation: Infants greater than 30 days old and Children less than 5 years: IV: 0.2 to 0.5 mg slow IV every 2 to 5 minutes up to a maximum total dose of 5 mg. Repeat in 2 to 4 hours if needed. Children greater than or equal to 5 years: IV: 1 mg slow IV every 2 to 5 minutes up to a maximum of 10 mg. Repeat in 2 to 4 hours if needed.

Common diazepam side effects may include: memory problems; drowsiness, tired feeling; dizziness, spinning sensation;

mild skin rash, itching; or.

Usual Adult Dose of Diazepam for Seizures:

myasthenia gravis (a muscle weakness disorder); severe liver disease; narrow-angle glaucoma;

depressed mood, thoughts of suicide or hurting yourself;

Diazepam should be used for only a short time. Do not take this medication for longer than 12 weeks (3 months) without your doctor's advice.

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Generic Name: diazepam (dye AZ e pam) Brand Names: Valium.

Pregnancy Category N Not classified.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Light Sedation:

Usual Adult Dose of Diazepam for Alcohol Withdrawal:


Diazepam